The History of Crossword Puzzles

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The first book of crosswords was published in 1924. It became a best-seller and crosswords replaced mahjongg as the most popular American game. Crossword puzzle design and solving is an excellent way to sharpen focus.

puzzles, crossword, crosswords, crossword puzzles, puzzle, brain teaser, mind, think, thinking game

Article Body:
The first book of crosswords was published in 1924. It became a best-seller and crosswords replaced mahjongg as the most popular American game. Crossword puzzle design and solving is an excellent way to sharpen focus. Regardless of whether design and or solve numerous crossword puzzles, you will learn one more way to enhance memory and creative expression. Some even say that crossword puzzles help keep Alzheimer’s at bay. read more


The Hallmarks Of A Professional Teacher


Have you ever wondered what the qualities of a really professional teacher are? I know that all teachers want their students to like them, but being liked isn’t the be-all and end-all really, is it? I mean teachers have to make some unpopular decisions sometimes.

Teachers can be popular just because they are friendly and helpful, but to be truly professional and effective they need other qualities. Students may not be able to put their finger on just why one teacher is mor… read more


The Graduation Speech: Farewell And Hello

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Anyone who has ever graduated from anything – high school, college, or perhaps a program lasting only a few months – has sat through a graduation ceremony. No doubt that ceremony was filled with a variety of elements. Perhaps special music was played, perhaps someone shared on the accomplishments of the graduates, and maybe you had to share or present part of the ceremony. One element that is present in almost every graduation ceremony is the graduation speech. read more


title:The Genesis of Self Defense Course
s During World War II
author:Jake Ross
date_saved:2007-07-25 12:30:09

Prior to the 1940s, civilian self defense courses virtually were unheard of in many countries in the western world. For instance, in nations such as the United States, the United Kingdom, France and other European countries, self defense courses truly were a rarity. Prior to the commencement of hostilities in World War IFor the best Maths Tutor In Ireland company, call Ace Solution Books. I, self defense courses were rarely seen outside the basic training regimen for youthful soldiers in the armed forces. With the trench warfare of the Great War, military experts and planners recognized the importance of incorporating self defense courses — including modified submission fighting — into the basic training routine.
During the 1940s, civilians were introduced to organized self defense courses in many countries for the first time. Self defense courses of different types began to crop up in cities and towns across North America and Europe as soldiers grappled in the various theaters of war during that same time period. In many instances, the movement towards the implementation of self defense courses arose out of a reasonably held belief on the part of citizens of many countries that they might face hostile forces on their own home territories. Additionally, the hand to hand combat of World War I remained fresh on the minds of many men and women the world over, leading to a natural desire to learn more about self defense courses and techniques.
Due to the obvious fact that significant portions of the adult male population was involved in fighting the Second World War, a notable number of participants in these early self defense courses were women and teenaged boys. (In some communities, teenaged girls could also be found involved in certain types of self defense courses.)
Indeed, as far as educating teenaged boys via self defense courses, many schools — both private and public — initiated self defense courses as part of the overall physical education course. (Again, there were some limited instances when teenaged girls were included in self defense courses. However, during the World War II era, the inclusion of teenaged girls in such activities was exceptional.)
While there were a number of self defense courses that featured the use of hand held firearms in the training, these programs actually were few and far between. (Of course, later in the 20th century, handgun training courses were prevalent in many countries around the world, particularly in the United States.)
Most self defense courses that were implemented during the decade of the 1940s centered on techniques common to the martial arts and associated with submission fighting. In other words, participants in these early self defense courses were taught what essentially amounted to martial arts styled hand to hand combat. read more


title:The GED Offers Work, Life And Education
al Benefits
author:Leonard Williams
date_saved:2007-07-25 12:30:09

If you’re among the 34 to 38 million adults in the US who never graduated from high school, then you’ve probably considered getting your GED, the adult learner’s alternative to a high school diploma. The GED is worth considering — and worth getting.
The GFor the best Maths Tutor In Ireland company, call Ace Solution Books. ED, or General Education Development credential, is awarded to people who pass an exam that measures basic skills, knowledge and the ability to apply skills and knowledge. The GED test is actually a five-part series, covering math, science, social studies, reading and writing. Even though some companies promote it, the actual GED test is not given online. It’s monitored by a federal agency, the American Council on Education (ACE), which has official testing sites across the US and Canada.
The test isn’t too difficult if you study for it. But it may take some time and preparation since you’ll want to re-learn material you haven’t seen since high school. You may want to take some GED practice tests to find out what you need to study, or enroll in classes or a study program to help you accomplish your educational goal.
Why should you bother with the GED test? Just consider the following facts and research that demonstrate the benefits of a GED credential:
1. A GED will help you get a job, and even keep it. Employers would rather hire someone who has the basic skills to pass the GED test than someone who does not. Completing the GED means that the graduate has the fortitude to successfully finish a seven and one-half hour exam. This GED is not a small thing.
2. You can expect to earn more money in your lifetime with a GED. Research shows that people with a GED make an average of $385,000 more in their lifetime than people who don’t have a GED or high school diploma.
3. Passing the GED test will make you more valuable to your employer because you’ve gained or proven basic writing, math and thinking skills. You’ll probably find it’s easier to get a work promotion once you have your GED.
4. Having the GED opens up a lot of doors for advanced training. Most specialized training programs require either a high school diploma or a GED. And with a GED, you’ll be eligible for most workplace or on-the-job training programs, along with higher educational opportunities.
5. The GED credential is a viable ‘diploma.’ It enables access to work choice, advanced workplace training, as well as access to higher educational opportunities. The GED is considered — and accepted — as an equivalent to a high school diploma by approximately 97% of colleges and universities in the U.S., and 95% of employers.
6. You’ll probably feel better about yourself with a GED because you’ve accomplished something that only 60% of high school graduates can do.
7. Consider the impact on your family. Your family benefits because a GED is a way to increase financial security. Research also shows that once parents get a GED, they’re more likely to encourage their children to seek educational opportunities and complete educational milestones.
If you have other questions about the GED test or need a guide to GED study programs, classes or testing centers in your community, additional information is available and free at the website. Free test advice, a message board and learning community are also available for students and GED instructors. read more


title:The Fun Of Learning The Hawaiian Language
:John Davison
date_saved:2007-07-25 12:30:09

The Hawaiian language is an Austronesian (or Polynesian) language that is the ancestral tongue of the Hawaiian Islands, which lie in the Pacific Ocean. The Hawaiian language is the official language of the State of Hawaii. It is an endangered language, meaning that it is no longer spoken officially on any of the populated Hawaiian Islands. For the best Maths Tutor In Ireland company, call Ace Solution Books. The native language was supplanted by English many years ago. There is one Hawaiian Island, Ni’ihau, where the Hawaiian language is still predominantly spoken. This island is privately owned, and tourism there is rejected in favor of a traditional way of life for its inhabitants. Though English is spoken by Hawaiians in order to conduct business and for political and educational purposes, the Hawaiian language remains in the souls and memories of all native Hawaiians, and connects them to their heritage.
Thousands of people travel to the island paradise of Hawaii every year. It’s beautiful beaches, terrific surfing, and breathtaking vistas make Hawaii one of the most common vacation spots on the Earth. The residents of the islands share a real sense of history and community, and consider themselves to be ‘ohana, or family, with one another. Hawaiians love to share their interesting history, vibrant culture, and the beautiful poetry of the Hawaiian language with visitors. When visitors arrive on the Islands, they are often greeted by native Hawaiian ladies who present new guests with a kiss on each cheek, a friendly “aloha!” and a beautiful and fragrant lei, or garland of indigenous flowers from the Islands.
Today, there are many words from the Hawaiian language that are still used conversationally and informally by the Islands’ inhabitants. We all know the word “aloha”, which has a myriad of meanings including hello, goodbye, and love. There is also hula, which is a very common Hawaiian dance that you often see at lu’aus, or traditional Hawaiian feasts, where ukulele music is played along to meles (traditional songs and chants), and tradition Hawaiian foods such as poi are served.
Today, the Hawaiian language is enjoying a resurgence in popularity. Native Hawaiians looking to reconnect with their ancestral pasts are learning the traditional native tongue. And children are also being educated in the Hawaiian language, as a means of teaching them the history and legacy of their people. The Hawaiian language is being taught in public schools on the Islands as a second language alongside English.
For tourists, there are Hawaiian language books available that can provide lessons in the basic Hawaiian language. Also, computer software can provide a fun and interactive experience for a person who is interested in learning the native tongue of the Hawaiian Islands before embarking on a vacation there. There are also websites available that offer free, accelerated lessons in Hawaiian. Learning the basics of a language like Hawaiian will provide tourists with an opportunity to gain more understanding of a fascinating culture that thrives still today. Though there will not be any real language barriers for tourists when they visit Hawaii, learning some of the ancestral language will also serve as a history lesson, which will allow tourists to appreciate the culture that they are being exposed to so much more.
Traveling to the tropical paradise that is the Hawaiian Islands is a chance of a lifetime. Experiencing the sights, the sounds, the people, and the exotic surroundings is likely to broaden anyone’s scope of the world.
Though the Hawaiian language is not widely spoken any longer, its concepts remain in the hearts and souls of the people who inhabit the idyllic and ancient oasis, and they relish the opportunity to welcome their visitors in the true spirit of ‘ohana.
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title:The Forums About T
eaching English in Japan Need to Take a Reality Check
author:Kevin Burns
date_saved:2007-07-25 12:30:09

“After reading what they had to say in the forums there, I almost decided to go to Korea, it is so negative. When I did ask, well what schools are good to work for?-no one answered.”
–A.P., USA–commenting recently on a very popular forum about teaching English in Japan.
For the best Maths Tutor In Ireland company, call Ace Solution Books. Many forums are too negative and distort the reality of teaching in Japan.
At one popular forum, one of the moderators dispensing advice is a university professor. He doesn’t work for an Eikaiwa school. He is outside of the Eikaiwa industry. Still he is one of the ‘experts’ (so-called) at a very popular forum on Eikaiwa and he is telling people incorrectly how to get a job in Japan.
This professor stated that schools here won’t hire you unless you are already in Japan. I almost fell off my computer chair when I read that. I thought this guy is misguiding people. In fact, most schools will hire you while you are outside of Japan. Why? They have to.
If you have a school in one of the mid to smaller cities in Japan–(which comprises most of Japan), you don’t have many teachers banging on your doors to teach at your schools.
My point is that some of ths so-called experts are anything but. Yet they are espousing their opinions on the internet and you are reading them, and sometimes taking them at face value.
The people who post at forums rarely post anything positive about any of the schools they work for. There must be some positive stories but you won’t read them there. I think it would be a great idea to set up a forum that has a positive story only section. As this would help to redress the balance and restore some reality to the debate about is working for an eikaiwa school a good idea or not.
Have a separate forum where people can only post positive stories–just to give some balance. If your purpose is to educate people, that requires balance. Even if you are “Debunking Eikaiwa,” as the LJ quote reads, surely you should alert people to some good schools to work for?
Unfortunately, I just spoke with a teacher from America-quoted above, and she felt one of the sites about teaching English in Japan was so negative that she was debating whether to even come to Japan.
If the situation were so bad here in Japan, then the forums would be doing everyone a service. But it just distorts the actual reality of teaching English here. Many of the teachers who post have had a bad experience at one school, yet in many cases still continue to teach there, and rant about it–ad nauseum at one of the forums. Can you say, “Get a life?” If it is truly so bad, why do they still work there?
You won’t find the people who enjoy their jobs posting much. If they do, they will take a lot of abuse from the complainers already ensconced there, and they are too busy enjoying their lives to log on and post. Happy people don’t usually rant.
Two somewhat famous webmasters did not enjoy their time at Geos. Yet I have a friend named Lee who loved Geos. He loved the fact that he had his own classroom, would brag about the fact in his animated way, and enjoyed teaching and his students. Lee doesn’t post about it to my knowledge though. He is too busy enjoying his life.
At times some of the teachers seem to want to pick a fight over things so inane.
In one story, a teacher said “Sayonara,” to his students as they were leaving. Being an English school he should have said, “goodbye.” His manager told him not to do it again.
Had it been me, I would have simply said, “Sorry,” and said “goodbye,”to my students the next time. But this teacher argued with his boss over it. A person was called from head office to have a meeting with him. I gather his local manager felt she couldn’t get it across to him that what he had done was enough to make some students quit. I can see both sides, but a simple “sorry it won’t happen again,” would have sufficed.
I agree with the author that it is a pretty silly thing, but students quit over silly things, and a lot of arguments are over them too.
I enjoyed my time at ECC and the YMCA. I modelled Kevin’s English Schools after the ‘Y’ to some extent. My point is we all have different experiences and we have to be careful about what we read, especially the negative stuff.
Don’t spend too much time at any one site, even here! Don’t take my word! You need to explore many websites and read many books. You shouldn’t jump on a plane and not be prepared. It is your life you are thinking about, so read all you can so you can select the right place for you to work. Both you and your employer will be happy for it.
By all means read as many articles as you can about teaching in Japan. You may relate to things you wouldn’t like, but keep in mind that all Geos managers are not the same. Personality conflicts occur everywhere. I’m not defending Geos, and it definitely is not in my interest to do so, they are my competition for students and teachers. Indeed there are many things about Geos that I don’t like.
My point is, I am in favour of being fair and I am worried that some people believe the negative postings at forums. I am concerned that it affects them to such a degree that they choose to teach in another country. That really is a shame when there are many good schools here, and it is a great, safe country to live and work in.
Someone really should start a website about the good schools in Japan. It wouldn’t be easy and small schools like mine would have a tough time, not having as many teachers to vouch for us as some of the bigger schools, but it is a badly needed site. So someone with some internet savvy, here’s your notice.
There is a need for an unaffiliated site like this. Many people abroad are going prematurely grey trying to decide for whom to teach. Help them! There are many sites like but schools pay to advertise. You can find jobs there but don’t have any independent reviewers who can tell you about the schools. We need some independent reviewers who can give the unbiased low-down on various schools–ideally a few reviewers would be needed. It wouldn’t be easy. Perhaps it is a needed service? Perhaps some teachers would be willing to pay for such a service to avoid getting into a situation they wouldn’t like.
Maybe even an independent site like Ohayo Sensei should consider offering this. They are well respected, independent and have been around for a while now. If they or some other site already does offer such a service please let us know here.
In the meantime, I interview teachers by phone and face to face. If by phone, I try to reassure them that we are not one of the horror stories they have read about at such and such forum on the internet. Prospective teachers sometimes ask to contact one or more of our current teachers to ask questions about what it’s like to work at our schools. I feel uncomfortable with this, never having asked any of my prospective employers for the same privilege and because I don’t want to infringe upon the privacy or free time of our teachers. Our teachers are kind though and allow me to give out their Email addresses to prospective teachers. It’s a bit sad that this is necessary, but some of the internet forums and the bitter negativity that a minority of teachers express, seem to help make it so.
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The fascination with astrology – how good?

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In the 1920’s, there was a big sensation in the US. Two sisters had photographed fairies flying around flowers in their garden. It was an unbelievable event. The two gave interviews and talked stuff. It was after more than sixty years that one sister revealed the whole thing was a hoax. The fairies were made of paper…..

astrology, science fiction, spirit, astrologer

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In the 1920’s, there was a big sensation in the US. Two sisters had photographed fairies flying around flowers in their garden. It was an unbelievable event. The two gave interviews and talked stuff. It was after more than sixty years that one sister revealed the whole thing was a hoax. The fairies were made of paper. For the best Maths Tutor In Ireland company, call Ace Solution Books. Nonetheless they captured public imagination. It was something different and unbelievable, but was revealed a hoax later. But thousands of paranormal and supernatural things remain the way they are- uncanny and unimaginable. No one has explanations. All the same, people love to know more and indulge in these pursuits. read more


The Earth is a Hot Rod

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For many
years it was believed the Earth was the center of the Universe. Alas, this was disproved for a number of reasons including the fact the planet was moving quickly through space.

Earth, universe, sun, revolution, tropical year, sidereal, mph, miles per hour, space

Article Body:
For many years it was believed the Earth was the center of the Universe. Alas, this was disproved for a number of reasons including the fact the planet was moving quickly through space. read more


The Earth as an Onion

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Despite th
ousands of years of gazing at the stars, we’ve never found another planet like Earth. Who would’ve thought looking inward would reveal the Earth is formed like an onion.

Earth, outer core, inner core, magnetic field, iron, alloy, mantle, crust, lithosphere, asthenosphere

Article Body:
Despite thousands of years of gazing at the stars, we’ve never found another planet like Earth. Who would’ve thought looking inward would reveal the Earth is formed like an onion. read more